HFCL GLOSSARY C
. CHANNEL . CHAUTAUQUA . CODE
. COMMUNICATION . COMMUNICATION
ASSOCIATIONS . COMMUNICATION ENVIRONMENT . COMMUNICATION
ETHICS . COMMUNICATION JOURNALS ON-LINE . COMPUTER
MEDIATED COMMUNICATION . CONNOTATION . CONTENT
. CO-ORDINATED MANAGEMENT OF MEANING . CULTURE
CHANNEL [HFCL TUTORIAL]
In the Shannon/Weaver model of communication the term refers to a section medium that has been isolated so as to provide clear passage for a signal.
In common usage the term often refers to a mass media outlet. E.g., a television channel, a cable channel.
Originally called the Chautauqua Lake Sunday School Assembly, Chautauqua
was founded in 1874 as an experiment in out-of-school learning. By 1880
it had established itself as a national forum for the discussion of ideas
and issues, and soon thereafter the "Chautauqua Tents" of the institution's
travelling lecture series became a common site throughout the midwest and
great plains states. Although its importance declined with the rise of electronic
media, Chautauqua still thrives as a center for art, music, discussion and
In the Shannon/Weaver
model a code is an accurate translation of one signal into another.
In information theory a code is a process that is able to translate one
paradigm into another with no loss of meaning. This same definition is
used in semiotics.
Communication is a fundamental process by which patterns in a medium move
through time and space.
Communication is usually defined as connecting an initiator, or sender,
and an interpreter, or receiver. Communication enables interaction between
sender and receiver.
- The Communication Ring is dedicated to the study and teaching of communication, rhetoric, and related topics. Scholars, students with online projects, and academic departments are welcome to suggest their sites for inclusion.
Various organizations assist in the study of communication.
- The American Communication Association (ACA)
is a not-for-profit organization, a virtual professional association with actual presence in the world of scholars and practitioners alike. ACA was created to promote academic and professional research, criticism, teaching, practical use, and exchange of principles and theories of human communication. Our community embraces researchers, teachers, business persons, and specialists located in North, Central, and South America and in the Caribbean. We hope that you enjoy your visit with us, choose to participate in some of our many online opportunities, contribute information to our expanding Network, and perhaps even attend one of our future conferences.
- The Association for Communication Administration
was founded in 1972. Originally called the Association for Departments and Administrators in Speech Communication, the name and scope of the Association were changed in 1975. During its years of existence, the ACA has grown to become the most dynamic and responsive of the communication-related organizations. It has achieved this prominence by serving the needs of departmental administrators in the communication arts and sciences.
- The Canadian Communication Association
A bilingual, national organization founded in 1980 that brings together communication teachers, researchers and professionals from the university, government and private enterprise sectors. Its purpose is to promote the investigation of communication issues in Canada. Members come from all provinces and a variety of disciplinary backgrounds including journalism, communication studies, and the social and human sciences.
- Central States Communication Association
The mission of the Central States Communication Association is to unite those persons in the Central States area with an academic or professional interest in all disciplines of communication in all educational levels, for the promotion of their mutual interests and the advancement of their common field.
- European Speech Communication Association
The main goal of the Association is "to promote Speech Communication Science and Technology in a European context, both in the industrial and Academic areas", covering all the aspects of Speech Communication (Acoustics, Phonetics, Phonology, Linguistics, Natural Language Processing, Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, Signal Processing, Pattern Recognition, etc.).
- The International Communication Association
was formed in 1950 bringing together academicians and other professionals whose interest focused on human communication. The wide professional and geographical distribution of the membership provides the basic strength of the ICA. The Association is a meeting ground for sharing research and useful dialogue about communicational interests. ICA's membership is multinational. ICA's Board of Directors maintains a policy of conducting Annual Conferences in North America for three consecutive years and outside North America the fourth year.
- National Communication Association
is a not-for-profit organization with a mission to promote study, criticism, research, teaching, and application of the artistic, humanistic, and scientific principles of communication. The National Communication Association was previously named the Speech Communication Association.
Every act of human communication occurs within a particular social setting. This "communication environment" has implications with regard to the construction of and the meaning created by the communication act.
It is not entirely clear that there is such a thing as a generalized ethics of communication. The question is currently under discussion.
As first noted in Aristotle's discourse on rhetoric, ethos, or the need to establish one's credibility, is an essential element of persuasion.
A number of communications and communications-related professions have established formal codes of ethics. Links to these often are listed at the web sites of the various professional organizations.
COMMUNICATION JOURNALS ON-LINE
On-line journals are immediately accessible via the Internet.
COMPUTER MEDIATED COMMUNICATION
Communication by means of computers.
CONNOTATION [HFCL TUTORIAL]
In semiotics the personal meaning or meanings of a sign. Connotative meanings may arise subconsciously According to Barthes myth is the process whereby signs take on group connotative meanings.
CONTENT [HFCL TUTORIAL]
A term with many meanings, content probably most often refers to the meaning that a sender intends and/or the meaning that a receiver constructs from a message.
Content may refer to the form of the message. E.g., narrative form.
The content of a message may imply meanings that the sender did not intend. E.g., the assertion that violent images in television produce social disorder.
In mass communication "content" refers to the form and quality of the messages that are distributed by means of the various mass communication channels. In American television, for example, the content includes such as entertainment, advertisements, station-breaks, news, and "infomercials."
CO-ORDINATED MANAGEMENT OF MEANING [HFCL TUTORIAL: RELATIONSHIPS]
A collection of interrelated theories that seek to explain the relationship between meaning and human communication.
CULTURE [HFCL TUTORIAL: THE COMMUNICATION ENVIRONMENT]
The collection of artifacts and effects generated by a given society.
A society's culture is an important part of the environment within which human communication occurs. A number of academic fields, including such as Cultural Studies, Critical Studies, and Popular Culture, are devoted to the study of the relationships among cultures and communications.
Intercultural communication occurs among and between individuals of different societies. Because culture plays an important role in determining the meanings of messages, intercultural communication can be problematic.
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